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beneath - definition and synonyms

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adverb, preposition     beneath pronunciation in American English
Beneath can be used in the following ways:
as a preposition (followed by a noun): the ground beneath your feet
as an adverb (without a following noun): People waved from the bridge as the boat passed beneath.
  1. 1
    mainly literary directly under something or at a lower level

    We took shelter beneath a huge oak tree.

    They slept outside beneath the stars.

    His face was hidden beneath a large brimmed hat.

    Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      under the surface of the ground or water

      These pieces of pottery had been buried beneath the earth for thousands of years.

      the waters of the Timor Sea and the coral reefs that lie beneath

      Synonyms and related words
    2. b.
      covered by something

      His frail body lay beneath the blankets.

      from beneath:

      She pulled a dagger from beneath her cloak.

  2. 2
    formal used for saying that someone’s appearance and behavior do not show their real character or feelings

    She seemed quite calm on the surface, but a great deal of anger lay beneath.

  3. 3
    if a particular action or activity is beneath you, you think that you are better than people who do this

    Burke regarded it as beneath him to do business with such people.



to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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