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using buses for journeys usually made by train, especially because of a problem with a railway
'The Strategic Rail Authority has admitted "bustitution" – putting buses in place of trains – is to be a permanent feature of railways in future.'The Observer24th August 2003
'Weekday travellers on Amtrak/VIA's Toronto-Chicago train were bustituted (rode on buses) for part of the journey, and schedules changed … While the weekend trains will run on normal schedules, the week-day bustitution will last until mid-August.'Canadian Railway NewsJune 2003
in Britain, the term is … often used to describe a cost-cutting device implying closure of minor railway routes which struggle to remain financially viable
The term bustitution is of course a blend of bus and substitution, with mildly humorous overtones compared to its common paraphrase: bus replacement(s). Evidence from the Internet suggests that bustitution has been used more widely in American than British English, citations over the last couple of years originating from the United States, Canada and also Australia. However, in recent months it has entered British written and spoken media, in the context of ongoing discussions about Britain's ailing railway network.
In North America and Australia, bustitution primarily describes an ad hoc response to a temporary problem on the railway. It can be used countably in this sense to refer to specific instances, e.g.:
… the Blue Line has more accident or construction related bustitutions.Forum of railroad.net June 2002
A transitive verb bustitute has also been coined, primarily in passive use, as illustrated in the Canadian quote above. A corresponding participle adjective bustituted is also attested, as in bustituted passengers/lines.
This article was first published on 5th September 2003.
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a part of an atom that moves around the nucleus (=centre) and has a negative electrical charge